Important International organisations: Abbreviations &tasks


There are hundreds and thousands of bodies that are working towards a greater issue in the world. Most of them are better known by their abbreviations. These can be government/non government, profit/non profit, but are very oftenly asked in all competitive/non competitive exams:

Here’s a list of most common ones that you should know:

International Organisation



United Nation UN UN is committed to maintaining international peace and security; developing friendly relations among nations; promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR It protects refugees
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAD This body deals with trade, investment and development issues.
United Nations Development Programme UNDP It works to eradicate poverty and reduce inequalities through the sustainable development of nations, in more than 170 countries and territories.
United Nations Environment Programme UNEP Coordinates the organization’s environmental activities and assists developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
World Food Programme WFP Promotes food security
United Nations International Drug Control Programme UNIDCP Deals with illicit trafficking and drug abuse
International Court of Justice ICJ It settles legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies.
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty CTBT Treaty banning all the nuclear explosions
United Nations Children’s Education Fund UNICEF UNICEF works across 190 countries and territories to reach the most disadvantaged children and adolescents and to protect the rights of every child
United Nations Population Fund UNFPA Works towards a safer pregnancy and childbirth
United Nations University UNU UNU contributes, through research and education, to efforts to resolve pressing global problems of human survival, development and welfare.
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development UNRISD Its main aim is developing the world, working in collaboration with national research teams from local universities and research institutes.
United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research UNIDIR Its main task is to inform States and the global community on questions of international security and to assist with disarmament efforts so as to facilitate progress toward greater security and economic and social development for all.
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations FAO The main aim is to defeat hunger internationally.
International Development Association IDA It is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world’s poorest developing countries.
International Finance Corporation IFC The International Finance Corporation is an international financial institution that offers investment, advisory, and asset-management services to encourage private-sector development in developing countries.
International Monetary Fund IMF Aim is to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world
International Telecommunication Union ITU ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation UNESCO UNESCO encourages international peace and universal respect for human rights by promoting collaboration among nations.
International Bureau of Education IBE It encourages a high standard of business and ethics
World Health Organisation WHO Promotes public health internationally
World Intellectual Property Organisation WIPO Its main aim is to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world
World Meteorological Organisation WMO WMO is dedicated to international cooperation and coordination on the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with the land and oceans, the weather and climate it produces, and the resulting distribution of water resources.
World Trade Organisation WTO Deals with global rules of trade
International Criminal Court ICC It has the authority internationally to prosecute criminals
European Union EU It allows the free flow of goods and people, except for random spot checks for crime and drugs. The EU transmits state-of-the-art technologies to its members.
European Commission EC Responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
European Investment Bank EIB EIB uses its financing operations to bring about European integration and social cohesion.
Council of Europe CoE It is Europe’s highest humans rights council.
Commonwealth of Independent States CIS The CIS encourages cooperation over economic, political and military aspects and has certain powers possessing coordinating in trade, finance, lawmaking and security. It has also promoted cooperation on cross-border crime prevention.
Asian Development Bank ADB It is an international development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through loans
Association of South-East Asian Nations ASEAN It is a regional grouping that promotes economic, political, and security cooperation among its ten members
World Tourism Organization UWTO Responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.



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